精品推荐:关金劵

【藏品名称】:关金劵

[collection name]: Guan Jinzheng

【藏品类别】:钱币

[collection type]: Coins

【藏品数量】:一组

[collection quantity]: one group

关金劵是“海关金单位兑换券”的简称,为国民党统治时期中国海关收税的计算单位。关金券发行之初,正面为孙中山先生半身像,印有地名和“凭票即付”等字样,背面图样为上海海关大楼,均为直型。原来海关收税为银两,1929年世界银价大落,影响关税收入。银价持续下跌虽有助于中国对外贸易的发展,但对偿还外债而言,则增加了负担。政府于1930年1月决定征收金币,以值0.601866克纯金为单位作标准计算,称“海关金单位”,合美元0.40元;1930年中央银行即委托美国钞票公司印制关金兑换券;1931年5月中央银行正式发行关金券。

Customs gold certificate is the abbreviation of "Customs Gold unit exchange certificate", which is the unit of calculation of customs tax collection during the period of Kuomintang rule. At the beginning of the issuance of the certificate, the front side was a bust of Dr. Sun Yat Sen, printed with the name of the place and the words "pay on demand". The back of the certificate was designed as the Shanghai customs building, all of which were straight. In 1929, the world silver price fell sharply, which affected the tariff revenue. Although the continuous decline of silver price is conducive to the development of China's foreign trade, it increases the burden on the repayment of foreign debts. In January 1930, the government decided to collect gold coins, which were calculated according to the unit value of 0.601866 grams of pure gold, which was called "Customs Gold Unit", equivalent to 0.40 yuan. In 1930, the central bank entrusted the United States banknote company to print Customs Gold Exchange Certificates. In May 1931, the central bank officially issued Customs Gold certificates.

关金券最初的发行量很少,并不在市面流通。1942年4月,国民政府财政部规定以关金一元折合法币二十元的比价,与法币并行流通。1948年8月19日,国民党政府颁布“财政经济紧急处分令”,实行所谓“币制改革”,银行宣布关金券大量回收,所以在民间存世量很少,流传至今的更少。

The initial issue of guanjin bonds was very small and did not circulate in the market. In April 1942, the Ministry of finance of the national government stipulated that the price of one yuan of guanjin equivalent to 20 yuan of French currency should be used in parallel circulation with the French currency. On August 19, 1948, the Kuomintang government issued a "financial and economic emergency punishment order" to implement the so-called "currency system reform". The bank announced that a large number of treasury bonds were recycled. Therefore, there were only a few of them in the private world, and even fewer have been handed down to this day.

此组关金券共有4张,纸币中央是孙中山头像,头像上方写着“中央银行”,头像下方有一行小字写着币值,左右两边皆有小印章,背面上侧上海海关大楼,上边印的是英文“THE CENTRALBANK OF CHINA”,大楼下是阿拉伯数字的币值。

关金券流通17年半,期间正式发行的关金券种类有47种,未发行的有4种。因此此券在目前收藏市场上属于“一票难求”。

In the center of the banknote is the head of Dr. Sun Yat Sen, with the words "central bank" on the top, and a line of small characters under the head with the currency value. There are small seals on both sides. On the back of the banknote, the Central Bank of China is printed in English. Under the building is the currency value of Arabic numerals.During the 17.5 years of circulation, 47 kinds of guanjin bonds were officially issued and 4 kinds were not issued. Therefore, this voucher is difficult to obtain in the current collection market.

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