唐三彩(Tang Tri-Color Glazed Ceramics),中国古代陶瓷烧制工艺的珍品,全名唐代三彩釉陶器,是盛行于唐代的一种低温釉陶器,釉彩有黄、绿、白、褐、蓝、黑等色彩,而以黄、绿、白三色为主,所以人们习惯称之为“唐三彩”。因唐三彩最早、最多出土于洛阳,亦有“洛阳唐三彩”之称。1905年陇海铁路洛阳段修筑期间,在古都洛阳北邙山发现一批唐代墓葬,后来人们习惯地把这类陶器称为“唐三彩”,并且沿用至今,享誉中外。
Tang Tri-Color Ceramics, a treasure of ancient Chinese Ceramics firing craft, the full name of Tang Tri-Color Ceramics, is a kind of low temperature Glazed pottery popular in the Tang Dynasty. The glaze Color has yellow, green, white, brown, blue, black and other colors, and given top place to yellow, green, white Color, so people used to call it "Tang Tri-Color Ceramics".Tri-glazed glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty was first and most unearthed in Luoyang, so it is also known as "Luoyang Tri-glazed glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty".
In 1905, during the construction of the Luoyang section of the Longhai Railway, a number of Tang Dynasty tombs were found in the north of the ancient capital Luoyang. Later, people used to call this kind of pottery "Tang Tri-colored Colour", and it is still in use today, renowned at home and abroad
Tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty is a generic term for pottery excavated from Tang tombs and later regarded by scholars as a term for the classification of ceramics.Tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty does not specifically refer to the three colors.Various clay figures, statues and other pottery excavated from Tang tombs have only one or two colors on them. There are a lot of utensils, but they have more complex and colorful colors.Generally speaking, besides the white ground of the embryo body, lead yellow, green, green tricolor is the most common, on the allocation technique of tricolor, also the most rich artistic charm.In the Trinicai of the Tang Dynasty, there are fewer vessels, but there are more calves, small livestock and poultry, all of which are rich in artistic design, especially in the clay figures of various figures and in the supernatural image of Qitou, it shows the most artistic value.The tricolor ware is showing all kinds of implements used in the real life of the Tang Dynasty, but in these implements, the form of the social life at that time is well presented, from which we can know that the shape, structure and number of the sacrificial vessels and other utensils are determined according to the rank and the size of the grave person's family.For example, the system of Tang ritual ware includes three items above ninety, five items above sixty, and nine items above forty.A man is a foot taller than a horse.Other musical groups, child servants' affiliations, and ceremonial costumes were also determined according to their rank in life.From the height of the Tang Dynasty to the middle and late Tang Dynasties, the style of heavy funerals grew. Sedan up a haul of illuminated articles and walked along streets and thoroughfare, where Chen Tombs were held, singing and dancing music was played, curtains were set up, and passers-by were presented with flowers, human figures and food, almost like sacrifices.Because the Tang Dynasty paid attention to the tricolor ware as burial goods, so, since the construction of Henan Bianluo railway at the end of the Qing Dynasty, in the north suburb of Luoyang, a large number of tricolor ware and figurines have been excavated in the Tang tombs such as Mang Hill.No matter its shape, structure and color, the tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty has a high artistic intention, which attracted the attention of people from Japan, Europe and the United States, and was purchased at a high price. Since then, the tri-colored pottery of the Tang Dynasty has been listed as one of the world's arts.The above quote is from Wang Aijun's art literature Tri-colored Colors of the Tang Dynasty.Tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty reached its peak during the Kaiyuan, Tianbao and Dali dynasties (713-766 AD).Her artistic achievements are decided and she is famous all over the world.Tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty was inspired by a sound and strong Ming dynasty. At the same time, it also specifically and actively reflects the spirit of The Times
The pagoda is a pagoda for storing the Buddhist Buddha Sakyamuni or the Buddhist monks of later generations. One is a pagoda for storing the Buddhist relics and scriptures. The worship pagoda is a way for people to express their conversion and gratitude to the Buddhas.China's largest sarira is the sarira of Qixia Temple built in the Five Dynasties period, classification has cloisonne sarira, gilded sarira, gilded bronze sarira.
Eighteen merits and virtues
(1) It is man who will be born in the Three Good Paths.
(2) It is man who will live long.
(3) It is that men shall have a noble body.
(4) People will be born beautiful and conspicuous.
(5) To be able to see and hear, and to sense.
(6) It is man who will be born the son of a great king.
(7) It is man who gathers power and enjoys fame.
(8) He is the king of men.
(9) It is the gathering of attendants around one.
It is the man who will become the pillar of all.
Fame is known everywhere.
(12) It is the man who will be eloquent and eloquent.
(13) It is man who will be offered by man and heaven.
Man will have unlimited wealth.
It is man who will be the master of the universe.
(16) is that man will be born with the dignity of a Buddha.
(17) It is a collection of human bodies that will be like a diamond pestle.
(18) People will soon get the Buddha fruit.
According to legend, when the body of Sakyamuni Nirvana was cremated 2,500 years ago, his disciples got a parietal bone, two bones, four teeth, a middle finger and phalanx fragment, and 84,000 beaded body pieces from the ashes.
These relics of the Buddha are regarded as sacred by believers and are eagerly worshipped.According to Bb0, in the fourth volume of the Long Aham Sutra, after being exonerated in the Nirvana between the double trees in the city of the corpse, the Buddha's relics were divided into eight parts. The Kings who obtained the Buddha's relics later built their own pagodas to place and provide for these Buddha's relics.In addition, according to the first volume of Ashoka Biography, after the Buddha's death for a hundred years, Ashoka collected the relics of Buddha and built 84,000 pagodas to support him.
In addition to the above mentioned Ashoka put Buddha's relics into 84,000 tarps and built 84,000 pagodas, there are also cases of offering relics in other places.Ashoka collected the relics left by the Buddha and divided them into several parts and sent them around the world to build pagodas for worship.It is said that some of these relics spread to China, and there were Buddhist stupas all over China, and the pagoda of Famen Temple is one of them.
According to legend, Sakyamuni's relics are buried in ten stupas: